Agriculture science and technology is an applied science industry. Its objective is to impart technical and professional knowledge of biological and chemical principles so that they can be utilized in the areas of soils and fertilizers, pests and control procedures, and crop and livestock production and management.
The agricultural education integrates basic sciences, humanities, agriculture and allied sciences including agricultural engineering to acquire knowledge and skill to develop technology and/or processes to raise production and productivity of agriculture and other farm produce through efficient utilization and conservation of natural resources. Broadly, the activities include development and application of improved technology for efficient utilization and management of agricultural inputs, like soil, water, seeds, fertilizer, pesticides, farm power and equipment etc. for higher productivity under different farming systems. In addition, student must be exposed to post harvest, processing and storage technology, and problems in agricultural marketing and business management. The need of the present day agriculture is to have integrated approach for which more of inter-disciplinary courses are needed
Agriculture Science is further divided into following sub categories –
Bachelor of Science in Agriculture is a 4 years long Undergraduate Bachelor Degree program. It consists of topics such as- agriculture science, use of modern scientific equipment and techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, basics of biotechnology etc. The course offered by different departments (theoretical and practical) is taught to the students on credit basis. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture also includes on farm RAWE (Rural Agriculture Work Experience) training and hands on experimental developing confidence in the graduating students of Agriculture.
The main aim of this program is to use the above mentioned concepts to train students improve agriculture productivity, manage products and pave way for future developments through research activities
10+2 Science stream students with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects, who have passed their board examination from a recognized board, are eligible to pursue this course. Minimum marks criteria exists, which varies from one University to another. Generally, it is between 40-50% marks in PCB subjects.
Also, to be considered eligible, students must also have appeared for state level entrance examination too!
How is Course Beneficial?
Bachelor of Management Studies or BMS is an undergraduate program for management studies offered by many universities all over the world. The course allows you to gain the awareness and skills needed to presume management positions in a wide array of organizations. Management studies programmes provide students with a solid foundation in organizational behavior and human resource management while electives in labor-management relations, negotiation, conflict resolution, compensation systems and organizational development allow students to develop deeper knowledge in specific areas of interest. In addition to business management course, it will equip you to understand how organizations work, how they are managed, and how they interact with local, national and international environments.
Eligibility: Top management courses which can be pursued by students who have completed 12th Science/Commerce/Arts stream schooling.
Listing of courses related to travel, Tourism and Hospitality. Here they are:
Duration: 3 years
Eligibility: 10+2 passed in any stream (Science, Commerce or Arts) is the minimum educational qualification required.
12th standard is the last stage of a student’s school life. After 12th standard, a student has to decide his path and his career. This step has to be taken after lots of planning and thinking. You just can’t afford to choose what to do after 12th standard carelessly. You must take into consideration various factors like- your interests, job scope and opportunities etc while choosing your career. I think this article will help you deal with it.
There are many courses available to students after 12th standard. Courses like Engineering, MBBS are main stream, but I will also focus on slightly unknown and other courses. Please make sure that you take your own time and think before you choose a particular course.
Fashion Designing is a Discipline which involves converting artistic talent and creativity in creating products like clothing, textiles, jewellery, footwear and other accessories. The major functional areas in the industry are designing garments, cutting the cloth, sewing the pieces together and finally merchandising. People all over the world wear clothes not only to keep themselves covered or warm, but to express their personality and attitude. It is here that the Fashion Designer steps in. A Fashion Designer helps to make the correct fashion statement. Creating a style, using the right material, the right cut and a good finish, the designer turns out either a singular creation (one of its kind) that may sell for a king’s ransom, or more usually, designs that will reach a retail outlet in different sizes and colours. In certain cases, the material may even be mass-produced for a specific market. the fashion industry satisfies both the creative fancies and the materialistic needs of the people, on the other hand it promises glamour, fame, success and high pay packages to the talented people.
Some of its specialized fields are -
The study of this field includes all or few of these –
Most of the courses in Fashion Designing require 10+2 pass in any discipline with minimum 55% marks. Many part time One Year Diploma Courses are largely being offered in every city, which require very minimal qualification. There are many private institutions offering certificate courses for Fashion Designing
In India, the fashion industry is still in its fledgling stage. Opportunities for enthusiastic, talented and hard working youngsters exist mostly in big cities, Mumbai and Delhi being the most. But the growing demand for Designer Wear and the equally large volume of exports makes prospects for fashion design graduates, pretty good. The sheer variety and availability of materials – from traditional silks to handlooms, makes India a fashion designer’s dream. A trained fashion designer can work in areas can also become entrepreneurs and form their own companies. A few years Indian was no where to be seen in the global fashion scene. However with the establishment of NIFT, some other fashion schools and a some gifted designers like Ritu Kumar, Ritu Beri, Rohit Bal, Sunit Verma, JJ Vallaya, Tarun Tahiliani etc. making a mark in the fashion World, the media started showcasing their talent across the world through means of media.
Most major countries have their own fashion industry, including Belgium, Spain, Canada, Portugal, Brazil, India, The Netherlands, Germany, Poland, and Australia. Employment opportunities include marketing and merchandising, fashion co-ordination, fashion journalism, apprenticeship under a flourishing, well-known designer. They can also get Employment in an export house or garment manufacturing unit. They can also indulge in Freelancing for fashion houses and boutiques and be Self-employed, by opening a boutique or manufacturing unit or an export outfit to showcase one's talent.
Law is a system of rules, conduct or procedure which is necessary for establishing and maintaining a disciplined society. It is established by custom, agreement, or authority and is enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in various ways and acts as the best social mediator in relations between people.
The three main branches of government that act as the central institutions for interpreting and creating law are -
To implement and enforce the law and provide services to the public, a government's bureaucracy, the military and police are vital. While all these branches are created and bound by law, an independent legal profession and a vibrant civil society inform and support their progress.
Law governs a wide variety of social activities. These are -
Some important subjects of law courses are -
Importance of Law Courses
Law has become a strong and versatile career option and has all the ingredients to make it an excellent career option. Law professionals can find employment in various courts of law, in government service both Central and State government, as teachers, as legal advisors in various companies, business houses, organisations etc. They can also do private practice as legal advisors, advocates, solicitors etc.
Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Legislative Law is an undergraduate Administrative Law professional degree course. The duration of the course is five years on integrated basis. It covers the study of Arts subjects like History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, etc along with the in-depth study of law and legislature. The integrated degree course covers the study of various specialized fields of law namely Administrative Law, International Law, Labour Laws, Tax Laws, Corporate Laws, Civil law, Criminal law, Patent law, etc. The B.A. L.L.B. course study is not restricted to the conventional class-room teaching only but it also includes case studies, mock court drills etc. to make the study more practical and interesting. The degree course is career orienting in nature that opens many jobs scopes for the candidates after its completion.
B.A. L.L.B. Colleges
How is Course Beneficial?
Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Legislative Law Honours is an undergraduate Administrative Law professional integrated course. During the course main focus of study is given on Law with specialization in any one subject, along with Arts being the secondary study course. B.A. provides a course of study in general knowledge and intellectual skills. As of Law, it is a set of categorized rules and regulations under which any society or country is governed. By Honours, it is meant that it is a Higher Academic Standard Course as it requires in-depth study of any of the subjects matter. It is ranked above the Simple, Pass, General or Ordinary Bachelors course. B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.) is five years course. It is called an Integrated Course because its course curriculum covers the study of Arts subjects like History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, etc along with the in-depth study of law and legislature. It is also referred as BA (LLB) (Hons.). The integrated degree course covers the study of various specialized fields of law namely Administrative Law, International Law, Labour Laws, Tax Laws, Corporate Laws, Civil law, Criminal law, Patent law, etc. The B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.) course study is not restricted to the conventional class-room teaching only but it also includes case studies, mock court drills etc. to make the study more practical and interesting. The legal education apex body in India is the Bar Council of India. This Bar Council monitors and regulates the system of legal education in India. All fresh law graduates or those who have already cleared their law graduation but have not yet enrolled with the bar council must clear a bar examination (All India Bar Examination) to be entitled to practice before courts or tribunals in India. The process of enrolment confers a license to the holder to practice before any court in India and give legal advice. The entire procedure of enrolment and post-enrolment professional conduct is regulated and supervised by the Bar Council of India.
Bachelor of Business Administration and Bachelor of Legislative Law is an undergraduate Administrative Law professional integrated course. It is a combination of the study of Law and Business administration. The degree course provides an integrated understanding of the interrelationship of Management Studies and Law in their entirety than in specified areas. As of Law, it is a set of categorized rules and regulations under which any society or country is governed. B.B.A. + L.L.B. is a five Years Course with ten semesters. The maximum duration to clear the course is a period of eight years from the date of admission to the First Semester Course. It is called an Integrated Course because its course curriculum involves the study of Commerce and business administration etc. along with the in-depth study of law and legislature. It is also referred as B.B.A., LL.B. The medium of instruction is mostly English unless specified.
Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Legislative Law is an undergraduate Administrative Law professional integrated course. They course is a combination of the study of Law and Commerce. Law is a set of categorized rules and regulations under which any society or country is governed. Commerce means trading (sales and purchases) of goods and services between two Countries, regions, people etc. B.Com. LL.B. is a five Years course with ten semesters. The maximum duration to clear the course is a period of eight years from the date of admission to the First Semester Course. It is called an Integrated Course because its course curriculum involves the study of Commerce along with the in-depth study of law and legislature. It is also referred as B.Com., LL.B. The medium of instruction is English unless specified. It is a specialized Law Course which is offered by only few select institutes.
List of Seminar Papers
As per MITS Ordinance, the internal evaluation method is followed which includes viz., announced and unannounced class tests, assignments, presentations, case studies, class participation, projects, dissertations, mid-term and end-term examinations.
Regulations regarding B.Com., LL.B. Course
Each registered student shall have to complete minimum 20 weeks internship during the 5 year course under the following institutions/organizations-
It is provided that internship cannot be for a continuous period of more than four weeks and all students shall at least go through once in the entire academic period with trial and appellate advocates.
Provided further that each student shall keep internship diary and the same shall be evaluated in the VIth semester by the guide in Internship and also a core faculty member.
The subjects and papers for the course shall be prescribed by the concerned institute from time to time in accordance with the rules of the Bar Council of India.